By Frances Fox Piven
Tough Authority argues that standard humans workout outstanding political braveness and gear in American politics whilst, pissed off by way of politics as ordinary, they get up in anger and wish and defy the gurus and the established order principles that quite often govern their day-by-day lives. through doing so, they disrupt the workings of vital associations and develop into a strength in American politics. Drawing on serious episodes in American heritage, Frances Fox Piven indicates that it really is accurately at these seismic moments while humans act open air of self-restricting political norms that they turn into empowered to their complete democratic capability.
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Additional resources for Challenging Authority: How Ordinary People Change America (Polemics)
In 1763, the Crown decided to maintain a standing army in the colonies. Shortly afterward, in an effort to crack down on pervasive smuggling and the lax payment of taxes, new taxes were introduced, colonial assemblies were required to billet British troops, and an effort was made to curb the authority of colonial assemblies. At first, protests from the colonies against the Stamp Act of 1765 led the Parliament to back down. The Parliament also withdrew the Townshend duties of 1767 in the wake of an extended boycott of British goods by American merchants.
22 They brought the repertoire of mobbing with them from eighteenth-century England, but they certainly drew on it frequently once they were here: Eighteenth-century Americans accepted the existence of popular uprisings with remarkable ease. ” . . Not that extra-legal uprisings were encouraged. They were not. 23 “[C]olonial mobs,” says Edward Countryman of the prerevolutionary period, “were a fact of life,”24 and popular action in the form of riots and tumults long preceded the Revolutionary War.
To be sure, miners, manufacturing workers, and dockers have lost numbers. However, these diminishing numbers are now lodged in systems of production that outsourcing and just-in-time inventories have made far more fragile. And the Internet and service workers who are becoming more numerous have only begun to explore the potential of their disruptive power in a densely interwoven national and international economy. A consideration of the importance of repertoires in guiding popular collective action directs us to the possibility that there can be a large gap between institutionally created possibilities for power and the actual strategies that emerge.
Challenging Authority: How Ordinary People Change America (Polemics) by Frances Fox Piven