By Melissa M. Smith
Crusade Finance Reform The Political Shell online game offers an in-depth examine the background of political crusade finance reform with distinct emphasis on legislative, FEC, and federal courtroom activities from the Nineteen Seventies to give. particularly, the authors learn the ways in which campaigns and self sustaining teams have sought to make end-runs round current crusade finance ideas.
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Extra info for Campaign Finance Reform: The Political Shell Game (Lexington Studies in Political Communication)
Add that to a change in the political environment, and the effectiveness of NCPAC gradually diminished. Still, the group had established a role model for future conservative groups to follow. Elements of the campaign strategy could be seen in the 2004 Swift Boat Veterans campaign against John Kerry and in numerous other negative campaigns against incumbents. 84 IMPLICATIONS FOR CAMPAIGN FINANCE REFORM The overall impact of NCPAC as an individual organization was relatively limited. The group made a splash with its defeat of three Democratic senate incumbents in 1980.
First, it put the parties in an unusual situation of potentially making independent expenditures on behalf of opposing candidates. For example, if two Republican candidates for the same congressional nomination used this indirect fundraising approach, the Florida Republican Party would be obligated to conduct independent expenditures for both candidates simultaneously. This possibility led to the second anomaly in the law. The law eliminated the “independent” requirement of the independent expenditure.
Jack Hitt, “Campaign Cash,” New York Times Magazine (July 25, 1999), 20. 38. ” 39. Nixon v. S. S. 1033, Springfield, MO, 1996. 40. ” 41. David Schultz, “States and Campaign Finance Reform,” National Civic Review, 91, no. 2 (2002): 205–10; Paul Ryan, “Beyond BCRA: Cutting-Edge Campaign 28 Larry Powell Finance Reform at the Local Government Level,” National Civic Review, 92, no 1 (2003): 3–18; La Raja, Small Change. 42. Richard Braunstein, “Campaign Finance Reform in the American States: The Impact of Contribution Limits on Citizen Behavior and Constitutional Rights,” Spectrum: Journal of State Government, 75, no.
Campaign Finance Reform: The Political Shell Game (Lexington Studies in Political Communication) by Melissa M. Smith