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Get California's Frontier Naturalists PDF

By Richard G. Beidleman

ISBN-10: 0520230108

ISBN-13: 9780520230101

ISBN-10: 1423745418

ISBN-13: 9781423745419

This publication chronicles the interesting tale of the enthusiastic, stalwart, and gifted naturalists who have been interested in California's astonishing traditional bounty over the many years from 1786, while the l. a. P?rouse excursion arrived at Monterey, to the demise Valley day trip in 1890-91, the proclaimed "end" of the yankee frontier. Richard G. Beidleman's enticing and marvelously distinctive narrative describes those botanists, zoologists, geologists, paleontologists, astronomers, and ethnologists as they camped less than stars and confronted blizzards, made discoveries and accumulated collections, stored journals and misplaced valuables, sketched vegetation and landscapes, recorded comets and local languages. He weaves jointly the tales in their lives, their challenging fieldwork, their contributions to technology, and their intriguing adventures opposed to the backdrop of California and international history.California's Frontier Naturalists covers all of the significant expeditions to California in addition to person and institutional explorations, introducing naturalists who followed boundary surveys, joined federal railroad events, traveled with river topographical expeditions, observed troops concerned with the Mexican battle, and made up California's personal geological survey. between those early naturalists are well-known names--David Douglas, Thomas Nuttall, John Charles Fremont, William Brewer--as good as those people who are much less famous, together with Paolo Botta, Richard Hinds, and Sara Lemmon.

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Suría traveled aboard the Descubierta and never once mentioned his fellow artist, Cardero. His published journal unfortunately ends before the expedition’s California visit. The stay in Monterey Bay was only too short. On the morning of September 26, 1791, to the roar of presidio cannons at nine o’clock, anchors were hauled up and the Malaspina Expedition was on its way. Haenke carried with him the first collection of dried plants and seeds to reach Europe from Alta California; it included, besides many grasses, sedges, and rushes, species such as California Fuchsia, Durango-root, and Alkaliheath.

He pocketed some, later planting them in pots on his return to the Discov- Vancouver’s Expedition with Menzies 39 ery. Five of them grew to become trees at Kew gardens. Thus did Menzies introduce the famous Monkey-puzzle Tree from Chile into Britain. King William used to point out the group of bizarre trees to visitors at Kew. When the last tree died in 1892, a half-century after its collector, Menzies, had died, it was made into a table that became the cherished possession of another botanist.

Indeed, Haenke was the first scientist to obtain specimens of this magnificent conifer, and he recounted that the wood was valuable as lumber. A Redwood growing at the Alhambra in Spain, 125 feet tall in 1926, was authenticated as having been from his collection. The Alhambra Redwood has died, but contemporaries, undoubtedly Haenke’s, have recently been discovered at another royal garden. Haenke appraised useful as well as possibly poisonous plants, applying a mixture of recognizable and more obscure scientific names such as millefolium (Yarrow), rhusradicans (Western Poison Oak), la cicutasiides (Water Hemlock, poisonous), sambucus-racemosa (Red Elderberry), la arthemesia-dracunculus (Tarragon, a sage), and solidago-cinerea (a goldenrod).

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California's Frontier Naturalists by Richard G. Beidleman

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