By J. Aunesluoma
Juhana Aunesluoma considers the ways that Scandinavia's, particularly impartial Sweden's, dating used to be cast with the Western powers after the second one global warfare. He argues that in the early chilly battle Britain had a unique function in Scandinavia and within the ways that Western orientated neutrality turned part of the overseas procedure. New proof is gifted on British, American and Swedish overseas and defence guidelines concerning neutrality within the chilly war.
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Extra resources for Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54: Understanding Neutrality
152 No corresponding appreciation of Converging or Competing Interests? 1945–47 21 Finland’s position existed in London, thus showing the Americans’ (at this stage) more idealistically coloured view of the Nordic region in the growing East–West tension. 153 In Washington Scandinavia was clearly regarded as of more interest to Britain than to the US. During and immediately after the war the Americans, in most issues, followed the lead of the British in Scandinavia. 154 Geir Lundestad’s thesis is that in 1945–47 the US generally showed little interest towards Scandinavia compared with the British, but that this interest increased from late 1947.
Whereas in strategic questions the role of the COS was central, in questions of trade, financial problems and economic cooperation, the economic departments, the Treasury and the Board of Trade were closely involved in policy-making as well. Economy and the cold war On 21 July 1947 Jerram wrote to Bevin from Stockholm: Twelve months ago the political barometer seemed set fair as far Sweden was concerned. 160 But the past year had seen a darkening of the skies in Sweden as well as in Britain. East–West relations had worsened, foreign currency reserves 23 J.
The value of Scandinavia for the Western powers was in the possibility of having advanced air bases that would halve the distance to the Soviet Union and put them in a favourable position if the need arose to attack Soviet troops and communications elsewhere in Europe. Western early warning systems would be greatly improved if Western air defences could start over Scandinavia, instead of further west, and naval operations in northern waters and in the Baltic would be more easily covered. Lastly, more manpower, industrial and natural resources would be available.
Britain, Sweden and the Cold War, 1945–54: Understanding Neutrality by J. Aunesluoma