By Barbara Palmer
With the main finished info that exists on girls and congressional elections, Palmer and Simon explore the yank "political glass ceiling" – how incumbency, technique and redistricting influence the good fortune of girls applicants for Congress.
Read or Download Breaking the Political Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections (Women in American Politics) (2006) PDF
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Within the overdue 19th and early 20th century, Jim Crow bolstered quickly and several other southern states followed new constitutions designed basically to strip African American males in their correct to vote. because the 15th modification to the USA structure prohibited casting off citizens in accordance with race, the South concocted estate requisites, literacy checks, ballot taxes, white primaries, and white regulate of the vote casting gear to put off the region's black vote nearly solely.
With the main entire facts that exists on girls and congressional elections, Palmer and Simon explore the yank "political glass ceiling" – how incumbency, process and redistricting impression the good fortune of girls applicants for Congress.
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Additional info for Breaking the Political Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections (Women in American Politics) (2006)
For the next two decades, the number of women in Congress began a slow, steady climb, until an astonishing turn of events in 1992. 2 23 Two years later, the New York legislature eliminated Abzug’s district in their new redistricting plan. She chose to run in a primary in a neighboring district against another incumbent Democrat, Bill Fitts Ryan. Ryan won, but two months before the election, he died. Abzug then was selected by the county Democratic Party to replace him. Ryan’s widow had also unsuccessfully sought the seat; Foerstel and Foerstel, 1996, 31.
45 For the ﬁrst time in four decades, Republicans took control of the House and the Senate. That year, Republican women did very well. Of the eleven women ﬁrst elected to the House, seven were Republicans. ”47 Although the number of women running in primary elections took a dive in 1998, the next several election cycles saw relatively steady growth in the number of women candidates. In 2004, a record number of women, 137, won their primaries. Three female incumbents retired, and eight new women were elected, for a net gain of ﬁve.
115 During the trial, he represented himself. asp (accessed July 15, 2005). Even more incredible, Moran gave a speech on the House ﬂoor in support of the bankruptcy bill, stating, “Some people are taking these credit cards in, they sign up, they max it out, whatever they can charge. . They pile up debt, and then they get themselves relieved from paying off their debt, and oftentimes they can go right back to doing it all over again. ” Jo Becker and Spencer Hsu, “Credit Firm Gave Moran Favorable Loan Deal,” Washington Post, July 7, 2002, A1.
Breaking the Political Glass Ceiling: Women and Congressional Elections (Women in American Politics) (2006) by Barbara Palmer