By Aldous Huxley (editor)
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Extra info for An Encyclopædia of Pacifism
I) Currency reformers, such as Major Douglas and his followers, point to the numerous defects in our present monetary system and affirm that, by remedying those defects, prosperity could be made universal and war eliminated. This is over-optimistic. Defects in the monetary system may intensify economic conflicts in general. But by no means all economic conflicts are conflicts between nations. Many of the bitterest economic conflicts are between rival groups within the 41 same nation; but because these rival groups feel a sentiment of national solidarity, their conflicts do not result in war.
Soviet Russia eventually joined. But Japan withdrew in March 1933 and Germany withdrew in October 1933. The suspicion that the League had been affixed to the Treaty of Versailles in order to maintain the status quo as laid down by the punitive clauses in the Treaty, was not without justification.
All the wars of the past half-century, at least, have arisen out of conflicts between empires as to the control of various under-devdoped or "backward" portions of the world. Imperialism is challenged from two sides. On the one hand, there is a rising tide of nationalism within the various empires, entailing demands for self-government and independence. On the other hand, there is an increasing realization that the whole idea of the exclusive empire belongs to an age that is past; and that the backward regions of the world, both in respect of economic devdopment and cultural advance, should be regarded as a responsibility resting upon the international community as a whole.
An Encyclopædia of Pacifism by Aldous Huxley (editor)