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New PDF release: American Countercultures: An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists,

By Gina Misiroglu

Counterculture, whereas familiar to explain youth-oriented routine through the Nineteen Sixties, refers to any try and problem or switch traditional values and practices or the dominant existence of the day. This interesting three-volume set explores those hobbies in the US from colonial instances to the current in colourful element. "American Countercultures" is the 1st reference paintings to check the influence of countercultural pursuits on American social historical past. It highlights the writings, recordings, and visible works produced via those events to coach, encourage, and incite motion in all eras of the nation's heritage. A-Z entries offer a wealth of data on personalities, areas, occasions, techniques, ideals, teams, and practices. The set contains quite a few illustrations, a subject matter finder, basic resource records, a bibliography and a filmography, and an index.

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Extra resources for American Countercultures: An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists, Alternative Lifestyles, and Radical Ideas in U.S. History

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African Americans African American countercultures through the course of the nation’s history reflect a divergence from both mainstream American society and, especially after the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s, much of the African American community itself. As in many other cases, the resistance to cultural norms gave rise to movements that eventually were adopted into the mainstream, or the African American community at large. Most scholars trace the beginning of African American culture in North America to the year 1619, when Dutch settlers imported the first twenty Africans (seventeen men and three women) to Jamestown, Virginia, as indentured servants.

Population, by the first official census in 1790. Of these people, only 59,557 were free. By the eve of the Civil War in 1860, the population of African Americans, most of whom were slaves, had increased to 4,441,830; in some Southern states, such as South Carolina, slaves outnumbered whites. The earliest examples of African American countercultural activity came in four forms: (1) resistance and rebellion against slave owners; (2) leaving the colonies by escape or through organized movements back to Africa; (3) protests against slavery through a variety of abolitionist activities; and (4) the formation of alternative African American institutions.

Death in the Olive Groves: American Volunteers in the Spanish Civil War, 1936–1939. New York: Paragon House, 1989. Lawson, Don. The Abraham Lincoln Brigade: Americans Fighting Fascism in the Spanish Civil War. Y. Crowell, 1989. Rolfe, Edwin. The Lincoln Battalion. New York: Veterans of the Abraham Lincoln Brigade, 1974. Rosenstone, Robert. Crusade of the Left: The Lincoln Battalion in the Spanish Civil War. New York: Pegasus, 1969. Absinthe Sometimes referred to as “the green fairy,” absinthe is a highly alcoholic green liquor made from a variety of aromatic herbs.

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American Countercultures: An Encyclopedia of Nonconformists, Alternative Lifestyles, and Radical Ideas in U.S. History by Gina Misiroglu

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