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Download e-book for iPad: Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle "Prior Analytics by Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ian Mueller

By Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ian Mueller

ISBN-10: 0715634089

ISBN-13: 9780715634080

ISBN-10: 1472501357

ISBN-13: 9781472501356

ISBN-10: 1472557816

ISBN-13: 9781472557810

The final 14 chapters of ebook 1 of Aristotle's "Prior Analytics" are occupied with the illustration within the formal language of syllogistic of propositions and arguments expressed in additional or much less daily Greek. In his remark on these chapters, "Alexander of Aphrodisias" explains a few of Aristotle's extra opaque assertions and discusses post-Aristotelian rules in semantics and the philosophy of language. In doing so he offers an strange perception into the way those disciplines constructed within the Hellenistic period. He additionally exhibits a extra subtle knowing of those fields than Aristotle himself, whereas closing a staunch defender of Aristotle's emphasis on that means in place of Stoics obstacle with verbal formula. In his statement at the ultimate bankruptcy of ebook 1 Alexander deals a radical dialogue of Aristotle's contrast among denying that whatever is, for instance, white and announcing that it really is non-white.

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Additional info for Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle "Prior Analytics 1.32-46": On Aristotle "Prior Analytics 1.32-46"

Example text

I n this way the m i n o r premiss is left out i n cases of this sort. Conversely there are cases i n w h i c h they leave out the u n i v e r s a l premiss as k n o w n , but posit the m i n o r , as i n the case of the person who syllogizes that this person deserves punishment through the proposition 'He is a n adulterer' (or a thief or a temple robber). I n a l l these cases the u n i v e r s a l premiss, w h i c h says that every adulterer (or every thief or every temple robber) deserves punishment, is omitted as evident; the conclusion of these is 'Therefore this person deserves punishment'.

So it is evident that i n a l l these cases the mistake results from the setting out of terms, since i f the things corresponding to the states are substituted, nothing false results. Therefore, it is clear that i n the case of premisses of this k i n d one should substitute what corresponds to the state for the state and posit it as term]. 47 48 25 30 35 H e has shown that i n the case of the first a n d second figure w h e n the major premiss is t a k e n as necessary, the minor as unqualified, the conclusion is not necessary because the setting out of terms is not done appropriately; he now says that i n the case of the t h i r d figure the absurdity does not arise because one of the premisses is t a k e n to be necessary and the conclusion comes to be u n l i k e this k i n d of premiss.

For, i f these things are posited, it is necessary that a part of a substance be a substance, but this has not been inferred syllogistically through the premisses; rather premisses are missing]. 12 10 Here he indicates clearly to us that one should not simply attend to the conclusion a n d t h i n k that there is a syllogism i f something follows necessarily from what is assumed. F o r it is not the case that i f a syllogism proves something by necessity thereby also where some­ t h i n g is proved to follow by necessity from what is assumed, this is a syllogism, since necessity is more inclusive t h a n syllogism.

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Alexander of Aphrodisias: On Aristotle "Prior Analytics 1.32-46": On Aristotle "Prior Analytics 1.32-46" by Alexander of Aphrodisias, Ian Mueller


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