By Keith W. Waldron
Biorefineries are a vital expertise in changing biomass into biofuels or different worthy fabrics. Advances in Biorefineries presents a finished assessment of biorefining processing strategies and applied sciences and the biofuels and different fabrics produced. half one specializes in equipment of optimising the biorefining strategy and assessing its environmental and fiscal influence. It additionally appears to be like at present and constructing applied sciences for generating value-added fabrics. half is going directly to discover those fabrics with a spotlight on biofuels and different worth additional items. It considers the houses, barriers and sensible purposes of those items and the way they are often used to fulfill the expanding call for for renewable and sustainable fuels as a substitute to fossil fuels. Read more...
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Additional info for Advances in biorefineries : biomass and waste supply chain exploitation
Polymeric membranes in bioreﬁnery 2 A. Figoli, T. Marino, F. 1 Introduction In the past decades increasing attention has been devoted to bioresources such as biomass deriving from agriculture and forests to overcome the problem of the depletion of fossil energy sources. In fact, although petroleum-based materials represent the major nonrenewable feedstock for producing fuels, their inadequate reservoirs and the rapid increase in their price have directed the research toward the ‘facility that integrates conversion biomass processes and equipment to produce fuels, power, and chemicals from biomass’ (National Renewable Energy Laboratory, 2010).
2015) described different applications of membranes in biogas production to puriﬁcation. , 2015). Chmielewski et al. (2013) highlighted the use of polymeric membranes to concentrate methane from raw biogas generated from agricultural waste. A hollow-ﬁber polyimide membrane module was applied to achieve a high concentration of methane from 70% in raw biogas to 90% after membrane separation. In this way, a high-energy product was obtained through the membrane separation process. 1 Recovery of valuable chemical feedstock from waste biomass and biofuel production Household waste The disposal and dumping of municipal solid waste in landﬁlls is a tremendous problem for modern society because it harms the environment by generating greenhouse gases, creating an odor nuisance, and depleting the landﬁll area.
The most common modeling techniques currently exploited use empirical parameters obtained either by direct experimental measurements or by ﬁtting a set of available experimental data. To be able to model all of the various aspects involved in a particular transformation, more efﬁcient and innovative modeling methodologies, actually based on a mechanistic approach, are required. Such novel modeling methodologies have to accommodate, possibly in a unique computational environment, a greater variety of models ranging from molecular-level to macroscopic systems.
Advances in biorefineries : biomass and waste supply chain exploitation by Keith W. Waldron