By Marjorie J. McShane
This e-book provides a entire thought of ellipsis that helps the formal, cross-lingusitic description of elliptical phenomena. unlike previous paintings, this learn specializes in the interconnected elements that make sure no matter if ellipsis should still or shouldn't be utilized in a given context.
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Additional info for A Theory of Ellipsis
1. Words and collocations that require reference resolution Certain closed-class lexical items predictably require reference resolution and thus represent semantic ellipsis, like the following in English: • • • • predicative possessors: Yuk! This isn’t my glass. That one’s mine. negators: How come they offered brandy to you but not to me? referential “do”: You packed in more than I thought you’d do. referential “so”: He thinks it’s time to leave, but I don’t think so. These are not instances of syntactic ellipsis, because reference-establishing lexical items cannot be inserted and still yield a grammatical structure (* .
Some elliptical variant like (25b) would be expected. (25) a. The McCoys will be seated at table 1, the Burkes will be seated at table 2, the Clanceys will be seated at table 3, the Conroys will be seated at table 4, the Deans and Bakers will be seated at table 5 . . b. The McCoys will be seated at table 2, the Burkes ∅ at table 2, the Clanceys ∅ at ∅ 3, the Conroys ∅ at ∅ 4, the Deans and Bakers ∅ at ∅ 5 . . So, although a valid diagnostic for syntactic ellipsis is Can the category be inserted?
By any human being or, by extension, any domestic pet); and • any agent or action that can have agentlike effects: Her grandparents were killed before she was old enough to know them (by a robber, a train wreck, a storm, disease . ). So, one use of the passive voice is to permit a speaker not to state the agent or cause (for nonagentive entities, like a storm or disease), leaving open the possibility for generalized interpretations in some contexts. Just as agents in passives can go unexpressed, so can experiencers in certain predictable syntactic contexts.
A Theory of Ellipsis by Marjorie J. McShane